- Jawar has officially stated that he supports any group that works to forcefully topple the FDRE constitutional order.
- Jawar, who claimed to be an advocate of Oromo people rights, is known for supporting those who even oppose the rights and freedom of Oromos, which is guaranteed by the constitution.
- So far, I have found out Jawar Mohammed to be a person that is driven by extremist and parochial outlooks rather being driven by logic
- Jawar’s desire of toppling the FDRE constitutional system emanates from this irrational impulse.
- Jawar doesn’t like the Ethiopian people that are outside of the Oromo people, while he also does not love those who are not Muslims
- Jawar has had a huge role in exacerbating the unrest that was erupted, in some parts of Oromia region, by hijacking the legitimate demands of the Oromo people.
As it can be recalled, the Ethiopia’s University entrance exam was stolen a week earlier to its Egyptian counterpart with the government also deciding to cancel the exam. As a result, the government of Ethiopia gave additional one month to give out another exam. This episode of the stolen exam and the subsequent government decision to postpone it had grabbed the country’s attention this past week.
The news of the stolen exam was first heard on May 22, with the Ministry of Education confirming it on Monday morning. The Ministry got the news from the internet like everybody else. After cross-checking the story with the exam that is being prepared in Berhanena Selam Printing Press, we have verified that the English exam code 14 was stolen. As the ministry couldn’t assure whether the rest of the exams are stolen, they have decided to postpone the exams.
Of course stolen exams at national or school (university) level is not a new phenomenon. The Egyptian case mentioned in the introductory part and the Kenyan stolen exams, which the international Medias like BBC covered, can be presented as an illustration to it. The stealing of high school leaving and university exams is not a new phenomenon in any country. Information show that such thing has also happened in developed European countries and in the US as well.
However, we are seeing the objective of stealing these exams changing. Previously the stealing aims at gaining money or other economic means, or at getting better marks. However, nowadays the objective has shifted to threatening the government and people, and imposing a certain group’s interest. I think it has reached to the point of wondering if it a terror act? It should be known here that due to the good governance and rent-seeking problem in our county, it creates an easy opportunity to steal the exams.
The objective of exams that are prepared at various education levels is to assess the competence of students and make sure if they are ready for the next step or if they are capable professionals in one field. The result of an exam is certificate of competence. This is the alpha and omega of the objective of an exam. So, exams are not told to students before they sat to take them. If the students get the exams other than the place and time they are supposed to get them, then its objective of being a tool to assess the competence of students will be no more. This is why exams should be held in confidential.
Stealing university entrance national exam is a new thing for Ethiopia. There are no official information that show such thing has happened before in the country. All in all, as the stealing was found out one day before the exams were supposed to take place, the ministry of education has canceled the program and postponed it until June 2016, where another exam will be prepared. Although the postponement will add on the tiredness and psychological toll of the students who have been preparing, not to mention wasting public resource, it made it possible to stop the unfair outcome that would have resulted if the examination went ahead. As the only aim of examination is to assess competence, the measure taken by the government is the appropriate and the right one.
Although the fact that the exams have been stolen is confirmed, it isn’t still known who and how it was stolen. On the statement it gave, ministry of education stated that it will carry out investigative work from where out of the 800 exam station of the country the exam was stolen. It also notified the public that the culprits will be held accountable and will be made to face the law.
Although it isn’t known who stole the exam, an American based individual by the name of Jawar Mohammed has claimed responsibility. This person is labeled by his minions in America as a “political activist.” Jawar has officially stated that he supports any group that works to forcefully topple the FDRE constitutional order. Jawar, who claimed to be an advocate of Oromo people rights, is known for supporting those who even oppose the rights and freedom of Oromos, which is guaranteed by the constitution.
The individual is known to have initiated close relationship with groups that are working to setup centralist system in Ethiopia, like ‘Ginbot 7’ and ‘Arbegnoch Gembar’. He is heard spewing what he have read on neo-liberal proponent books about toppling constitutional orders and governments in places where Ginbot 7 uses to collect dollars by telling faux bravado stories. And when this guy thinks Islamic extremism can instigate riot and unrest, he paints all Oromo people as Islam, which violates the rights of non-Muslim Oromos.
So far, I have found out Jawar Mohammed to be a person that is driven by extremist and parochial outlooks rather being driven by logic. As extremist and parochial mentality doesn’t abide by logic, it makes the person holding these views impulsive. I think Jawar’s desire of toppling the FDRE constitutional system emanates from this irrational impulse. He doesn’t even have an organization where he can flaunt his opposing views. And this implies that other than wanting to topple the current regime he doesn’t have any idea why the FDRE order should be toppled, or what kind of a new order should replace it. Not only this.
He doesn’t know the danger and chaos that would befall on the people and country if the constitutional order is to be toppled for some reason – I don’t think he cares even if he knows what will happen in the event such thing happens. He doesn’t know where he wants to take the Oromo people he claims to care about. So, it would not be wrong to claim that Jawar is a guy that is obsessed with parochial nationalism and religious extremist outlook whilst being at odds with logical thinking.
People who are obsessed with conflict stirring outlook illogically look at the group they identify with as better than others. They want to see the “others” destroyed. And considering the history of Jawar’s behaviors, he falls within these two malicious thinking. As Jawar hates those he sees as not part of the group he identifies with whilst at the same time looks the group he identifies with as better than everybody else, he doesn’t have any place in the new Ethiopia - where diverse identities, religions and outlooks are accepted.
Jawar doesn’t like the Ethiopian people that are outside of the Oromo people, while he also does not love those who are not Muslims. As a result, Jawar is not a person that has a fitting position to every Ethiopian, especially to the Oromo people, who are diverse in religion and outlook. This can be clearly understood from the things he himself speaks. If the extremist and narrowist outlooks of Jawar gain ground, tension, suspicion and then civil conflict will engulf first Oromia and then the whole of Ethiopia. In a country where there is extremism and narrowism, the threat of suspicion and conflict always looms.
Jawar Mohammed has told us that he’s behind the stealing of the exam. Although there have been no information confirming his claim, it should be known that he declared one week before the exam was stolen that he will pay 100 thousand birr to the one that will do the stealing. If the people that stole the exam are motivated by the promised money of Jawar, then this shows that the culprits doesn’t share the same extremist and parochial tuned political outlook. It makes them just thieves, and not partners of Jawar’s unrest politics. Of course Jawar has tried terror act by making the exam to be stolen and forcing the people and government change their stance and decision. And he did this through thieves.
As it’s known, Jawar has had a huge role in exacerbating the unrest that was erupted, in some parts of Oromia region, by hijacking the legitimate demands of the Oromo people. Despite the obviousness of the fact that it is not through unrest and riot that the Oromo people’s demand can be answered, still an unrest that has been a cause for the deaths, injuries and destruction of public and private properties has been ignited. It is not for the interest of Oromo people that Jawar and his likes instigated the unrest. It is not to protect the constitutional right the Oromo people were afraid of losing as a result of the master-plan that Jawar and his likes were concerned about. It is not to lessen the anguish the Oromo people suffered as a result of lack of good governance.
Instead, the aim is to create a situation to seize power by creating rift within the Oromo people and between other ethnicities by indoctrinating them with extremism and parochialism. As it can be recalled, the unrest that was ignited in Oromia was driven with narrow nationalism in some areas and religious extremism is some other areas. All in all, the unrest the likes of Jawar exacerbated through Social Media dimmed before getting to a level it can dismantle the constitutional order. The unrest was foiled mainly by the Oromo people themselves. Of course as I have mentioned earlier, the unrest has been a reason for the loss of lives and destruction of properties. It has also become an obstruction for peaceful socio-economic activities in various areas of the region.